The successful and efficient propagation and production of plants is the key to success in any horticultural enterprise.  This module reviews plant propagation and crop establishment in a range of horticultural situations. Selected plant propagation methods will be undertaken throughout the year enabling both method and the use of specialist propagation environments and equipment to be evaluated. Accepted methods of plant establishment appropriate to various aspects of horticulture will be evaluated in theory and practice. A range of crops will be produced enabling regular monitoring and maintenance. In all parts of the course, the relationship between practical methods and plant physiology will be stressed at all times. The course is also designed to enable students to develop appreciation of horticulture as well as becoming familiar with the selection and safe operation of horticultural equipment and facilities.