The focus of this module is the challenging planting environment to be found within towns and cities. Across the world significant numbers of people live and work within urban areas. Plants can bring significant benefits to this environment in terms of cooling the urban heat island, increasing biodiversity and human well-being but the impact upon the plants themselves can be immense. The module will therefore examine these benefits as well as how the character and design of urban environments influences plant management. The technical issues underlying plant selection, establishment and management will be a key element of the module. Students will use case study sites to investigate these issues in greater depth.