The species and habitats that we seek to conserve are inextricably linked to landscapes and landform. Landscape ecology is an interdisciplinary area of study that has its origins in conservation biology, and attempts to make sense of spatial patterns in nature at a variety of scales. An integral part of this discipline is the links it makes between natural processes, species survival and anthropogenic landscapes. This module will examine the spatial pattern or structure of a range of landscapes from the near-natural to the artificial or grossly modified. Specifically, it will examine the relationships between pattern, process and change. It will also evaluate landscape fragmentation and examine how landscape components can be vulnerable or robust. The module will be also be concerned with the relationship of human activity and landscape. It will deal with societal drivers of change and the effects of human activity on landscape pattern. An important part of this relationship is understanding the impacts of human activity on landscapes and how these effects can be assessed.Three Stars